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Basically, It is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship and the following are the types of abuses reported in India.
It includes hitting, biting, slapping, beating, punching, pulling hair, burning, chopping, pinching, etc, and also includes depriving someone of medical treatment and forcing someone to use drugs/alcohol.
It occurs when the abuser forces the victim to do sexual contact or sexual behavior without the consent of the victim. It often takes the form of assault on sexual body parts, physical violence followed by forced sex, sexual harassment, or even sexual jokes at the victim's expense.
It includes disregarding the victim's sense of self-worth and takes in the form of constant criticism, name-calling, injuring the victim's relationship with their children, or interfering with the victim's abilities.
It occurs when the abuser tries to make the victim financially dependent. Economic abusers often seek to maintain total control over financial resources, prevent access to victims' funds, or prevent a victim from going to school or work.
It involves the threatening to physically hurt himself/herself, injuring the pets, separating the victim from loved ones, destruction of property, and preventing the victim from going to work or school.
It is a practice in which a person is killed by one or more family members because he or she is believed to be a shame to the family. It includes having sex outside marriage, beginning divorce proceedings, engaging in homosexual relationships, be in a relationship that has been disapproved by the family, refusing to enter an arranged marriage.
7. Bride burning
It means some newly married brides become victims of domestic violence because of physical abuse, harassment. And some cases end in suicides by fire, hanging, or self-poisoning.
Domestic violence includes the victims including anyone regardless of education, age, gender, religion. Domestic violence was previously called abuse of wife but now wives are not the only ones who can be victims of domestic violence in India.
Recommended read: Surge In Domestic Violence Amid Covid-19 Lockdown
The following can be the victims of domestic violence in India:
Identifying domestic violence at first will not be easy. Some relationships are clearly abusive from the beginning, the abuse often begins subtly and worsens over time. If someone around you or you are a victim then domestic violence is recognized by, if someone:
You should know the following warning signs of domestic abuse:
If you know someone, who is a victim of domestic violence, then you should help them in the following ways:
Being involved can put you in danger when the temper is raging. Besides, be sure to spend sufficient time with the victim to open. If the person decides to overcome years of fear and frustration, you do not have to end the conversation because you have another commitment.
If the person decides to listen to the story without talking, deciding, advising, or suggesting a solution. Chances are if you listen actively, the person will tell you exactly what they need. Just give the person full opportunity to talk. You can ask obvious questions, but mainly let the person take out their feelings and fears. You may be the first person whom the victim has accepted.
To express conflicting feelings about their partner and their situation is not uncommon for victims.
The following are the feelings:
If you want to help, you must validate his feelings by stating that it is normal to have these conflicting views. But it is also important that you confirm that violence is not good and that it is not normal to live in fear of being physically attacked. Some victims do not realize that their situation is unusual because they have no other model for relationships and have gradually become accustomed to a cycle of violence. You should tell the victim that abuse is not a part of the relationship. You should ensure them that you are concerned for their safety and don't confirm that their situation is dangerous without judging them.
Que: What is the domestic violence act for Women in India?
Ans: Protection Of Women From Domestic Violence Act 2005 (PWDVA).
Que: What is the punishment for dowry as domestic violence in India?
Ans: According to the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, “ It prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry, "as consideration for the marriage", where "dowry" is defined as a gift demanded or given as a precondition for a marriage” And the punishment for asking or giving dowry is imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine considering the level crime.
Que: How to file a domestic violence case against your husband?
Ans: According to the 498-A of IPC(Indian Penal Code), “This section deals with the cruelty of husband or of the family towards the married women” the punishment for this crime is 3 years imprisonment and a fine considering the level of crime.
Que: How to stop domestic violence in India?
Ans: To stop domestic violence in India, “We need to spread Awareness Campaigns, Need for more strict laws, Non-Government organizations, Seek Police Help, Counselling, etc.
Que: How to report domestic violence in India?
Ans: In case you want to help someone or you are a victim:
Finally, I can say that domestic violence includes emotional, economical sexual, psychological, and physical abuse and threats of abuse. Domestic violence happens at all levels in society and all population groups. Men, women, children, and elderly people are the victims of domestic violence but women are the biggest victims of domestic violence. If your friend faces such problems then you should ensure that you provide support to them and continue to provide a loving friendship.
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