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- 01 - Feb - 2023
- by Nishtha Dhull
Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness that brings about disruptions in mood, self image and behaviour. Know how to deal with borderline personality disorder from our expert psychologist of My Fit Brain.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental health disorder that is related to unstable emotions and moods, relationships, and behavior.
It affects the way of feeling and thinking about yourself and others plus causes a crisis in work, family, social life. Some people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have high functioning, but for many, daily life can be difficult.
This disorder is very common in adults and teenagers that are characterized by impulsiveness, extreme mood swings, and people suffering from this disorder experience the problems of anxiety, depression, and anger. For most people with Borderline Personality Disorder, symptoms begin in early adulthood and the condition becomes worse at a young age and may gradually improve with age.
The following are the signs and symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
A borderline personality disorder is hardly diagnosed on its own and the following are the common co-disorders
A cause behind borderline personality is difficult to identify but the following are the causes of it:
Family plays a very important role in this if parents or siblings have this disorder, then there is a high risk of developing this disorder in other family members.
It is not clear that brain activities are the causes or risk factors of this disorder. But studies have shown that this disorder can cause functional and structural changes in the brain.
Environmental, social and cultural factors are also the cause of borderline personality disorder such as abuse, adversity, abandonment, hostile conflicts, and illicit relations.
Negative experiences from childhood such as trauma, childhood abuse, neglect, or separation from their caregivers can also be a cause of BPD. However, we can't say that all people suffering from this disorder had one of these childhood negative experiences.
One or more treatments for BPD such as psychotherapy, medication, or hospitalization can be recommended by mental health professionals.
The main treatment for BPD is Psychotherapy. Therapists do group sessions to teach people with a borderline personality disorder how they can interact with others and express themselves effectively.
The following are the therapies that can be recommended by your mental health professional.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a form of psychotherapy that tells how our thoughts can lead to behaviors and actions. In this therapy, people learn to cope with strong emotions. DBT teaches many skills that help in the following:
CBT identifies the behaviors, misconceptions, unhealthy beliefs that may occur about you or others. This helps to reduce anxiety, angriness, insecurity, and also helps to reduce suicidal behaviors.
Schema-focused therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the fact that there can be unmet needs in childhood that lead to unhealthy ways of thinking about the world. This therapy focuses on healthy ways of challenging these misleading beliefs and behaviors and thinking and coping.
Metallization-based therapy not only helps in treating anxiety and depression but also in treating social functioning. This therapy helps the client not only in recognizing their thoughts and feelings but also helps in recognizing the thoughts and feelings of others.
Transference-focused psychotherapy focuses on the concept of transferring emotions from an initial relationship with an individual currently.
This theory focuses on the relationship between the therapist and client so that they can know how a client is related to others. When a person starts to respond more effectively with their other relationships, then the therapist can then use this awareness.
Medication is not the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder. However, in many cases, medication can be recommended by a psychiatrist to treat the following symptoms:
Medication not only helps in resolving mental health issues such as anxiety or depression but also helps to reduce the symptoms of BPD.
The following are the common medications prescribed for BPD:
Your doctor may also recommend you to stay in a hospital to get treatment when your symptoms are severe. If you do suicidal behavior or think about harming yourself or others then you can be hospitalized.
The following steps can be followed by you to cope with the symptoms of BPD:
If you notice the symptoms of BPD in your loved one, then it is necessary to seek help from the mental health professionals such as a social worker, psychiatrist, psychologist, and mental health counselor.
There are many symptoms of BPD that can be experienced by people from time to time. Only licensed mental health professionals can diagnose these symptoms because mental and physical conditions can overlap these symptoms.
Finally, I can say that this includes self-image issues, a pattern of unstable relationships, and difficulty in managing emotions and behavior. You should not be discouraged if you have a borderline personality disorder because people with this disorder get better with treatment over time and can learn to live a satisfying life.