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Suicide is not a mental illness but it is a serious potential outcome of treatable mental disorders including major depression, borderline personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorder, and borderline personality disorders etc. Suicide results when people don't understand the problem sufferer go through. Later, blaming that why he/she did it, people ignore when signals were being given.
According to research, none of the suicides happens without warnings. This year, Sushant Singh's death shook us and left us with multiple question marks. All we have now is tears and revenge for the person who was behind his stress #justice for Sushant Singh Rajput.
Being a mental health professional, I'm writing boldly about suicide in my blog and will definitely try to answer your questions with a pledge that we will not ignore the signals now!
Adolescents, young adults, and the elderly have the highest suicide rates and thus the risk of suicide is also high in the following groups:
Risk factors are the conditions that increase the chance that a person may try to commit suicide.
To see when a person may commit suicide is the appearance of some behaviour change or entirely new behaviour. It is a matter of heightened concern if new or altered behaviour is related to a traumatic event, loss, or change.
Warning signs in behaviour
How To Help a Friend Who Is Feeling Suicidal
If your friend is at risk of attempting suicide, you should remove any possible means that they can use to hurt themselves and should no leave him alone. If you believe that the threat is serious, then it is very important that you should support, listen, and encourage your friend to seek help from mental health professionals.
The following are the helpful tips
There are many things you can do to be a supportive and sympathetic friend. The main thing is to avoid rejecting what your friend is feeling.
You should show that you care by talking with them, holding them while you cry, or whatever is necessary. Research has shown that accepting what people are experiencing can help them process their thoughts and reduce their suicidal thoughts.
A suicidal person bears some burden that they feel can't be handled anymore, so it is necessary to lighten the load. You should offer them to listen to their feelings of anger, despair, and loneliness.
You should become non-judgmental, calm, accepting, and sympathetic. In this way, the person will become closer to you by picking up on your attitude and start showing him a mirror for himself.
You should not be afraid to ask about the suicidal thoughts of your friend. Studies have shown that if you ask about suicidal thoughts from a suicidal person, then it doesn't increase suicidal thoughts.
In this way, you don't put thoughts in their heads but you give him valuable information on how to proceed and help.
You should talk with your friend that will help them to calm down and ease the emotional burden. You can avoid their frustration by talking to them for a long time.
You should avoid trying to solve the problems with quick solutions because solutions depend on how big a problem is. So you should offer compassion and empathy for what they are feeling instead of what they should feel.
Treatment mainly depends on the underlying cause of their suicidal thoughts and behaviour but talk therapy and medication can be a treatment in many cases.
Talk therapy is also known as psychotherapy and it is a possible treatment to reduce your risk of a suicide attempt.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT):
Its main purpose is to tell how stressful life events and feelings can contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviour. It can help to replace negative beliefs with positive ones and thus gain satisfaction and control in your life. This also helps to reduce anxiety, angriness, insecurity, and also helps to reduce suicidal behaviours.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT):
Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a form of psychotherapy that tells how our thoughts can lead to behaviours and actions. In this therapy, people learn to cope with strong emotions. DBT teaches many skills that help in the following:
If talk therapy is not sufficient for reducing risk, medication may be prescribed to reduce symptoms such as depression and anxiety. By treating these symptoms suicidal thoughts can be reduced.
The following type of medication can be prescribed:
Not only talk therapy and medication but also sometimes adopting some healthy habits can help to reduce the risk of suicide.
Avoiding alcohol and drugs: It is important to stay away from alcohol and drugs, as these substances can reduce blockages and increase the risk of suicide.
Exercising regularly: You should also do exercise regularly especially in sunlight and outdoors. The production of certain brain chemicals is stimulated by these activities and that makes people happy and more relaxed.
Sleeping well: Getting enough quality sleep is also important because bad sleep can make symptoms of mental health very worse. If you are having trouble sleeping, you should talk to your healthcare provider.
Recommended Read: Improving Sleep-Wake Cycle
Finally, I can say that it can be very scary and taxing to support a friend or a loved one who is experiencing suicidal thoughts. If your loved one still attempts or commits suicide in spite of your help and support, then you should not blame yourself.
You should remind yourself that you did your best to help him and help him to seek help from mental health professionals. You should remind that with certainty suicide can't be prevented but it takes time. To prevent suicide, the best way is to know the risk factors such as mental disorders, depression, hopelessness, sleep problems, and anxiety before completing the process of self-destruction.
You should also remember that these suicide attempts can also occur when people are not able to cope with situations such as the end of a relationship, financial problems, health problems.
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