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Interventions For Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Intervention means doing something like taking action or giving a treatment to a particular person to improve the problem of a particular person. Firstly, we need to understand that autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. It can be diagnosed at any age but in most cases, it appears in the first 2 years of life of any person. 

Intervention for Emotional Learning

Materials used -
There will be two dices
One of them will have various mouths expressing joy, anger and so on.
The second dice will have pictures of various eyes such as shocked eyes, sad eyes etc
A blank face
•The child has to roll both the dices together to find out various combinations that come up with various eyes and
mouths.
•After that they have to identify the emotion shown through the combination of eyes and mouth.
•Age group – 5 to 7 years of age
•It helps the child to learn about various emotions and to able to express them.
•Since it is a group activity, it helps the child to wait for their turn.
•It also involves interaction with other children with the same age group.
•The child is also asked to enact imagining him/her to be experiencing the same emotion.

Social skill challenge

Material used:- a board- on which the cards will be pinned.
Challenge cards- various social challenges will be created in which the children will be asked to perform the tasks written on the card.
Self-reflection cards- at the end of the task children will be asked to share their experiences of the tasks they performed.
•the child is required to pick a card from the board and perform the task written on it.
•The task will be simple tasks of social interaction in order to improve their interaction skills
•Some of the tasks will be:- go talk to a child with whom u never interacted. Join a group of children and play with them etc.
•After the child completes his/her task they will be given a star badge (token economy)
•Child can complete a maximum number of challenges and at the end child will a maximum number of badges will get a prize.
•This will help them to interact with their peers in a positive manner and that too without the help of the caregiver.
•Age group- 4-8 years.

Feeding the Piggy Bank

•Materials used: Piggybank, Coins with alphabets, Flashcards with picture and name, 2 Graph sheets to mark improvement, Glass of juice
with a straw
•The child is asked to insert coins with alphabets from A to Z in alphabetical order to the piggy bank.
•Inserting the coin in the piggy bank will pop up a flashcard which has the image and name of that object.
•Child is asked to repeat the clear pronunciation of the name of the object and the position of the child will be marked in the graph sheet.
•Then inserting each alphabet along with previously learned flashcard another flashcard that is associated with their day to day life will pop
up and the child will be asked to pronounce the new popped up word.
•They will be given reinforcement after three consecutive correct responses ( Glass of juice with a STRAW ) and their position will be noted.

Pick the Ball

•Materials required: 5 sets of flashcard, Rectangular wooden board, 5 balls of different color
•Aim of this intervention is to improve social communication by teaching them to identify different colors and
different directions.
•Initially the board will have six flashcards with different objects but having the same color.
•The child is asked to identify the color first then pick the same color ball from the set of balls given to them.
•The flashcards are kept in the board in such a way that the kid can move around those flashcards.
•Then the child will be instructed to place the ball in a different position ( Eg: left, right, between, in front etc.)
•This will be done for the five-set of cards.

Cognition- Attention

Token Economy- Reinforcing
Aerobic activities (Malek & Mitchell, 1997) (Halle, Halle & Bemben, 1989)
The children with Autism will be intervened using a token economy which acts as a reinforcer.
They are trained with moves that are easily picked up by children for their age.
Then for every move that has been properly done in accordance to the beat, they receive a reinforcement.
Reason:1. It has a positive effect on stimulatory behavior of children with children
2. It is also proved to have positive results in maintaining physical fitness.Enriching Everyday - a happy day every day!
Teaching manners and improving sensitivity towards others through short poems which will teach skills like
patience, saying thank- you/ please etc.
Eg. Will you wait for 2 minutes?
Yes, I will. Yes, I will.
What do you say when people help you?
I say thank you!
Before eating I wash my hands,..... Yes, I can!

Imitating gestures and learning to Vocalize

(Committee on educational interventions for children with autism (Etats-Unis), Lord, & McGee, 2002)
The mirror dance: one on one activity where various gestures such as smiling, waving goodbye, nodding are
demonstrated by the helpers and educator.
Level 2: once the gestures are learned, the children are divided into two groups. Pictures of different gestures are circulated
among children and are taught to label each gesture. While one child shows a picture of a gesture the other child should
carry out the action.
Level 3: movies are screened in which the children are required to identify the various gestures they have learned. This
process continues teaching them easy and everyday gestures to difficult ones through reinforcements.
With learning gestures, they are then taught to verbalize their questions by employing various methods such as keeping an
object they require every day out of reach and providing it only after they try to verbalize the question. During interactive
play, the helpers will motivate them to verbalize their activities with each other such as “ I will build the bridge.” and “ I
will make the roads.”

In interventions in case of Autism, parents and children both should be involved. We all must try to understand each other. If your child is suffering from Autism, then don't think why my child is like this? Don't blame yourself or God in this as it will have an adverse effect on your child. 


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