What is Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) And Benefits of it | My Fit Brain


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What is REBT

What is Therapy and why do we need therapy in psychology ?

When we talk about therapy that means we are talking about psychological methods or treatment to help a person who is suffering or struggling in daily life problems but not able to understand or explain to others about his present condition.

For an individual person his psychologist recommended different types of therapy according to his problems after understanding him while talking and observing him as well as trying to give the best option to cope up with their inner struggle .

Types of Therapy

There are a number of therapies in psychology like Behavioral therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), Rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) etc.

What is Rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT)?

“People are not disturbed by things but rather by their view of things.” Said by Albert Ellis who introduced REBT therapy to the world.

According to Albert Ellis, many people believe that emotional or behavioral problems occur when they struggle due to the way they feel their experiences rather than simply the experiences themselves.

Rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) is a method in  which psychologists guide their patients who easily distract themselves because of irrational reasons. When psychologists suggest REBT therapy to his patients his main focus is to provide solutions and help them to balance their emotion, cognitive and behaviour problems.

REBT therapy can be helpful for the people who are suffering from:-

* Depression
* Anxiety
* Addictive Behaviors
* Phobias
* Overwhelming feelings of anger, guilt, or rage
* Procrastination (hesitation)
* Disordered Eating Habits
* Aggression
* Sleep Problems

There are three principles of REBT therapy that are dealing with the ABCs:

A. which is any activating event or situation which can trigger a negative reaction or thought pattern.

B. which is the beliefs or thoughts that you may have about the event or situation.

C. which refers to the resultant emotions or feelings that you experience from the negative beliefs and thoughts.

Let me explain ABC’s concept with example for a better understanding

A – Your partner falsely accuses you of cheating on him

B – You believe “What a jerk! he has no right to accuse me of that!

C – You feel disappointed in him.

If you had a different belief (B), the emotional response (C) would be different:

A – Your partner falsely accuses you of cheating on him.

B – You believe, “This cannot end our relationship – separation is not solution of this event it will affect my other realtions

C – You feel anxious that your relationship might end

Here again, the ABC model is illustrating that it is not the event (A) that causes the emotional response, rather, it’s the belief (B) about the event that causes the emotional response (C). Because people interpret and respond differently to events, we don’t always have the same emotional response (C) to a given event.

There are different types of techniques which help a patient to become a better person. The  psychological techniques or  methods used in the diagnosis and treatment of behavioural, personality, and mental disorders. The techniques which help in REBT are:

Problem-solving Techniques

These strategies can help address the activating event (A). They often include working to develop:

* Problem-solving Skills
* Assertiveness
* Social Skills
* Decision-making Skills
* Conflict Resolution Skills
* Cognitive Restructuring Techniques

These strategies help you to change irrational beliefs (B). They might include:

* Logical or Rationalizing Techniques
* Guided Imagery And Visualization
* Reframing, or looking at events in a different way
* Humor And Irony
* Exposure to a Feared Situation
* Disputing Irrational Thoughts
* Coping Techniques

Coping techniques can help you better manage the emotional consequences (C) of irrational thoughts.

These coping techniques may include:

* Relaxation
* Hypnosis
* Meditation

What are the basic steps to follow when you have to start REBT therapy?

Step 1- Identifying underlying irrational thoughts and beliefs.

Step 2- Challenging Irrational beliefs.

Step 3- Gaining insight into rational thought.

What are the benefits of REBT therapy?

* Self-acceptance
* How to deal with present problems and circumstances.
* Try to ignore irrational and negative thoughts.
* A person can’t be perfect all the time but he /she can try to react with presence of mind.

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